© MPI f. Biophysik/ von Bülow, Sikora, Hummer

The Sars-CoV-2 coronavirus uses protein spikes on its surface to bind to specific receptors on the surface of human cells. This enables the virus to infect the cells. These spike structures are central to the development of vaccines because they trigger an immune response in humans.

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About the author

Author profile picture Arnoud Cornelissen has for many years been writing about science and technology in, among others, various Dutch newspapers.