Antibodies play a decisive role in our lives and our health. After suffering from a viral infection, the body usually builds up these antibodies of its own accord in order to protect itself from further infection. The same principle also applies to vaccinations. They are designed to stimulate the development of antibodies without the body having to endure the respective disease. This is why these proteins play a pivotal role. Especially in medicine – as is currently being highlighted in the worldwide search for a vaccine against COVID-19.
These so-called immunoglobulins can be used in many ways to combat pathogens because they are able to detect and tag foreign substances. This enables our immune cells to recognize and fight these substances over the long term. At the same time, the immunoglobulins also help to destroy potential invaders with the help of other immune cells. The antibodies are produced in dedicated production units, in what are known as plasma cells. They are produced at the rate of several thousand per second.
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